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Ribbon Blender Mixer: Working Principle, Structure, and Mixing Calculations

Introduction

A ribbon blender is a commonly used equipment for mixing powders and granules, known for its uniform mixing and high efficiency. This article will introduce the working principle, structural components, and related calculations of the ribbon blender to better understand its operation mechanism.

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Working Principle

The ribbon blender mixes materials through the rotation of double helical ribbons. The inner and outer helical ribbons rotate in opposite directions, creating a complex circulation movement within the mixing chamber, achieving uniform mixing.

Structural Components

The ribbon blender primarily consists of the following parts:

  1. Machine Body (1): The supporting structure of the entire equipment.
  2. Mixing Chamber (2): The space for holding and mixing materials.
  3. Agitator (3): The core component, consisting of inner and outer helical ribbons.
  4. Feed Inlet (4): The channel through which materials enter the blender.
  5. Discharge Outlet (5): The channel through which mixed materials are discharged.
  6. Engine (6): The power source.
  7. Reducer (7): Adjusts the speed of the agitator.
  8. Feed Screw Conveyor (8): Transports materials to the mixing chamber.
  9. Discharge Screw Conveyor (9): Transports mixed materials out of the blender.
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Structural diagram of the mixer

Agitator Structure

The agitator is the key component of the ribbon blender. As shown in Figure 3, the agitator consists of three layers of helical ribbons, with varying diameters and pitches.

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The geometrical parameters of the agitator are shown in the table below:

ParameterSymbolValueUnit
Outer ribbon diameterD11m
Middle ribbon diameterD20.75m
Inner ribbon diameterD30.4m
Outer ribbon inner edge diameterd10.9m
Middle ribbon inner edge diameterd20.65m
Inner ribbon inner edge diameterd30.26m
Outer ribbon pitchh10.3m
Middle ribbon pitchh20.4m
Inner ribbon pitchh30.24m
Ribbon widthg0.05m
Agitator lengthl1.8m

Theoretical Analysis Assumptions

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The theoretical calculations use mechanical analysis methods. Figure 4 shows the layout of the mixing chamber, including the initial angle (ϕ0) and final angle (ϕK) of the agitator with the material, and the initial radius (ρ0) and final radius (ρK) of the agitator. The assumed parameters of the agitator are shown in Table 1, with an angular velocity range of 1.05–4.19 rad/s.Figure 4: Layout of the mixing chamber

Experimental Verification

To verify the power consumption model, experiments were conducted mixing rye and barley, using peas as a control material. Figure 15 shows the results of the power consumption test, including the no-load power (blue curve), total power input (orange curve), and the mixture homogeneity coefficient (red curve) as a function of the mixing chamber load.

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Conclusion

From the structural analysis and experimental verification of the ribbon blender, the following conclusions can be drawn:

  1. The design parameters of the agitator significantly impact mixing efficiency and power consumption.
  2. Properly adjusting the speed of the agitator and the geometrical parameters of the helical ribbons can improve mixing uniformity and reduce energy consumption.

The theoretical models and experimental data provided in this article offer important references for the design and optimization of ribbon blenders.

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Matt. Lau

Matt. Lau

Hi, I'm the author of this post, and I have been in this field for more than 5 years. If you want to build a plastic recycling line or plastic related machines, feel free to ask me any questions.

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